EDINBURGH

EDINBURGH, capital of scotland . No trace of Jews is to be found in medieval Scotland generally. Apart from individual Jews, a community possibly existed in Edinburgh at the close of the 18th century, but the present congregation was established in 1816 with 20 families. The first minister was Moses Joel of London, who served in the office for 46 years. With the influx of Russian and Polish Jews at the close of the 19th century, the community grew and many communal institutions were founded. For many years Salis daiches was the rabbi. In 1968 the community numbered approximately 1,100 out of a total population of 468,770. There was one synagogue and extensive communal and Zionist activity. In the mid-1990s the Jewish population numbered approximately 500. According to the 2001 British census, 763 Jews lived in Edinburgh. There is an Orthodox synagogue. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Daiches, in: Publications of the Scottish Church History Society (1929); C. Roth, Rise of Provincial Jewry (1950), 57–59; Levy, in: JHSET, 19 (1960), 129–62. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: K.E. Collins, Scotland's Jews: A Guide to the History and Community of the Jews in Scotland (1999); JYB, 2004. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Edinburgh —    EDINBURGH, a city, the seat of a university, and the metropolis of the kingdom of Scotland, situated in longitude 3° 10 30 (W.), and latitude 55° 57 29 (N.), about a mile (S. by W.) from Leith, 40 miles (S.S.W.) from Dundee, 42 (E. by N.) from …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Edinburgh — Edinburgh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edinburgh — • Derives its name from the time (about A.D. 620) when the fortress of Edwin s burgh was raised on a lofty spur of the Pentland Hills, overlooking the Firth of Forth, and established the Anglian dominion in the northern part of the Northumbrian… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Edinburgh — Umgebung von Edinburgh …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edinburgh — Edinburgh, Schottlands Hauptstadt, der Sitz der alten Könige von Schottland, der romantische Schauplatz so mancher W. Scott schen Dichtung, der Ort, wo Maria Stuart, die schönste und unglücklichste der Königinnen, die Blüthentage ihres Glückes… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Edinburgh — Edinburgh, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 4505 Housing Units (2000): 1894 Land area (2000): 2.842629 sq. miles (7.362374 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.842629 sq. miles (7.362374… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Edinburgh, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 4505 Housing Units (2000): 1894 Land area (2000): 2.842629 sq. miles (7.362374 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.842629 sq. miles (7.362374 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Edinburgh — (Мареанске Лазне,Чехия) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Ruska 310, Мареанске Лазне, 3 …   Каталог отелей

  • Edinburgh — (spr. edd nbŏrŏ), Hauptstadt von Schottland und der schott. Grafsch. E. oder Mid Lothian, unweit des Forthbusens, am Unionkanal (nach Glasgow), mit der Hafenstadt Leith zusammenhängend, (1904) 331.977 E.; altes Residenzschloß der schott. Könige… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Edinburgh — Edinburgh, Hauptstadt Schottlands, besteht aus der Altstadt u. Neustadt u. ist mit der Hafenstadt Leith durch eine Häuserreihe verbunden. Die Altstadt, von der Neustadt durch ein überbrücktes Thal getrennt, hat enge, winkelige Straßen, hohe… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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